Gull cull? No thanks

The last few days have seen an infuriating surge in the rhetoric of those calling for the control of Britain’s gulls; as campaigners clamour for the lethal action, red-faced MP’s bluster and the national press embarks on yet another misinformed wildlife witch-hunt. It has all been rather depressing, at least for those, like me, rather fond of our gulls. The situation made even worse by the horrendously bias coverage of the issue on television; by shows such as Good Morning Britain who appear content to make light of the situation and further inflame tensions, doubtless to the detriment of our wildlife.

Yes, tuning into ITV this morning – as I do most days – I was left appalled by the incredibly one-sided coverage of the issue by GMB. The relevant segment, presented by Ben Shepard and Susanna Reid (thank the lord Piers was not involved) and including an interview with Oliver Colvile MP, serving little other than to vilify our gulls through the endless use of scaremongering language, incriminating footage and unnecessary exaggeration. With said MP apparently forgetting that all gulls, as opposed to simply the Herring Gull, as stated, are protected to a varying degree by British law; and Susanna painting the natural process of predation – on this occasion between a gull and a sparrow – as some sort of grossly offensive crime. The whole segment was preposterous, in truth,

Given the level of coverage the gull issue has received of late, you would be forgiven for thinking that it represents one of the great wildlife management conflicts of modern times. And for believing the antics of gulls, particularly the larger species contained within the Larus genus,  paramount to those of other problem species;  to rabbits, rats and badgers that attribute to a significant amount of economic damage each year. Or perhaps  to invasive mink or squirrels, both highly detrimental to conservation efforts. They are not, and our grievance with gulls stems from little other than ignorance and mild inconvenience, as opposed to necessity. Our dislike of these birds born of human laziness and a reluctance to coexist with another successful, adaptive species. For this reason, I find the proposed cull of gulls utterly offensive.

There is no doubt in my mind that humans are directly responsible for the gull problem; by providing them with ample opportunity to misbehave. Something we achieve through our tendency to leave rubbish outside or place it in land-fill, providing an irresistible food source for gulls left hungry due to the continued human depletion of natural resources and the erosion of traditional habitats. The same applies when it comes to direct contact with the birds themselves: with many people content to offer titbits to hungry gulls when approached and others going actively out of their way to do so, thus habituating the birds to our usually frightening presence. Is it little wonder then that they return for more? Or that this behaviour has become widespread as more and more animals learn to exploit a new, inexhaustible food source? Surely this is common sense, or perhaps that is just me?

If you have not gathered already, I quite like gulls: big ones, small ones, rare ones, common ones, it matters not. To me, the piercing vocalisation of gulls is the quintessential sound of our seaside, and now, our cites. One I am content to revel in, and seldom annoyed by – a trend not shared by the residents of some urban areas it would seem. Though noise is hardly an appropriate reason to sanction a government lead cull, in my opinion; and those voicing such could easily save themselves the ear-ache by investing in double-glazing, or perhaps some earplugs.

My own, personal love of gulls is not, however, the reason I find myself opposed to the idea of a cull. No, that stems from the nature of Britain’s gull populations – with species such as Herring Gull and Lesser Black-Back, two of the more problematic species, currently declining at an alarming rate. So much so that both species now find themselves of conservation concern; with Herring Gulls removed from governments flawed general license for that very reason. The killing of gulls in our cities, or indeed, the proposed destruction of nests – as advocated by the not so honourable Oliver Colvile – would surely place yet more pressure on these already embattled populations; leading to further declines in the future. This cannot be allowed, and it does not take a genius to see that any such move would be folly.

What is the answer to our gull problem? Well, I do not quite know; though a change in human behaviour would be a step in the right direction. We need to clean up our towns and cities, invest in humane deterrents and, for gods sake, stop the deliberate sharing of food. More importantly, however, we need to adopt a more tolerant mindset – something regularly preached in regards to people but often forgotten when it comes to wildlife. Gulls, much like pigeons, are one of the few, hardy, creatures able to adapt to life in the present day – where natural habitats find themselves replaced by the endless sprawl of concrete and habitation.  A fact which should be celebrated; not condemed.

Header Image: Michael Mulqueen licensed under Flickr Creative Commons


  1. frankiebeee says:

    Sadly yes and my thoughts were the same when I was travelling by train today and saw on one platform how people were feeding the gull and her youngster on the opposite platform and had only just been reading that minute in the Metro about culling them as they were a pest – sadly I saw first hand why – if only because they were being encouraged to be

  2. Sara Strawson says:

    I totally agree. The rhetoric in Bath over the past few years has been similar with culls now being suggested. The new bins to be introduced this year will help but, deliberate feeding and the incredible amount of dumped rubbish does not help. The roadsides are littered with fast food wrappers and the waste bins, when people can be bothered to use them, are an easy target for hungry birds.
    Having just read the article about rhino horn being virtually legalised in SA I am seething. It is time humans realised they are not the only creature allowed to exist on the planet and that other wildlife is allowed to live, unharmed, alongside us.

  3. Tony says:

    Hi James,

    I didn’t see said news item on ITV but did hear or read about it elsewhere. Personally, as birds such as Great Black-backed Gulls are often culled in some parts to protect Puffins and other equally threatened species, I’m not fully against the practice. In other words, I’d say as an act of conservation via culling (I’d like to refer folk back to Jame’s past blog on this topic), it is doable but only on a well-researched and local basis, i.e. not a widespread practice.


  4. frankiebeee says:

    sadly also there seems to be a pervading belief that to try to protect nature in all its forms is a luxury or that wildlife is taken for granted. Doesn’t help that public understanding and engagement in these issues is a difficult one to get across. I digress I know, but it does show how (some) people see gulls as lacking in worth and so not a problem if they’re culled

  5. Tony says:

    Additionally, having missed the ITV broadcast, it is pleasing to see them openly speak about the predation effect. This issue which is clearly a conservation “elephant in the room” topic often causes unprecedented wildlife declines on a global level. This aspect never seemingly acquires adequate media attention despite its presence in your coursework for Wildlife Management and general Conservation. The media and even the real world needs to keep pace with the Natural World’s wildlife communities before it is too late.


    1. James Common says:

      Oh, don’t get me wrong – I fully accept culling for conservation benefits. i.e. puffins on the Farne Islands. For stealing chips however? What concerns me most is the freefalling population status of some of our large gulls. Indeed, good to see predation mentioned but, on this case, it was not in any detail and was said more for comical affect. James.

  6. Tony says:

    Yeah, any wildlife pest issue or should I say perceived pest issue (often only in the eyes of the beholder) runs deeper than a straight kill for killing’s sake. What I was attempting to address was the realisation in your readership that the control of one species can have huge benefits for countless other species. Introducing birds of prey and the placement of imitation Gull distress calls might achieve some limited success I imagine. Overall, however, a generalist species such as the Gulls in question will bounce back soon enough, it’s just that our habits have caused the population shifts themselves and we might well have to live with the consequences. The city Peregrines might be the primary beneficiary of the Gull increases, but with that, we will likely see further declines in our specialist populations. Win, win for the adaptable successful types, but lose, lose I fear for those desperate niche types, hence the need for a balanced conservation approach.

    I will leave you all in peace now, honest.

    Best Wishes


  7. Lynn simons says:

    Leave our gulls alone!!!!

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